Journal Articles


Smith, Joseph; Shah, Ankur; Lee, Yong-Kyun; O'Brien, Barry; Kullman, Dixie; Sridharan, Arati; Muthuswamy, Jit; Blain Christen, Jennifer: 'Optogenetic Neurostimulation of the Auricular Vagus using Flexible OLED Display Technology to Treat Chronic Inflammatory Disease and Mental Health Disorders', Electronics Letters, 2016, DOI: 10.1049/el.2015.3450

IET Digital Library,


J. T. Smith, B. A. Katchman, D. E. Kullman, U. Obahiagbon, Y. K. Lee, B. P. O. Brien, et al., "Application of Flexible OLED Display Technology to Point-of-Care Medical Diagnostic Testing," Journal of Display Technology, vol. 12, pp. 273-280, 2016.  doi: 10.1109/JDT.2015.2479457


Joseph Smith, Benjamin Katchman, Jennifer Blain Christen, Karen Anderson, Gregory Raupp, “Adapting Flexible Electronics and Display Manufacturing Technology for Biomedical and Biotechnology Applications”, FlexTech2016, Monterey, CA, 2016




S. Shah, J. Smith, J. Stowell, and J. Blain Christen, "Biosensing platform on a flexible substrate," Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, vol. 210, pp. 197-203, April, 2015.

M. Marrs, G. Raupp, and B. Vogt, “Comparison of Wet and Dry Etching of Zinc Indium Oxide for Thin Film Transistors with an Inverted Gate Structure”, Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films, vol. 30, issue 1, no. 011505, January 2012.

Smith, J.; Bawolek, E.; Lee, Y.K.; O'Brien, B.; Marrs, M.; Howard, E.; Strnad, M.; Blain Christen, J.; Goryll, M., "Application of flexible flat panel display technology to wearable biomedical devices," in Electronics Letters , vol.51, no.17, pp.1312-1314, 8 20 2015
doi: 10.1049/el.2015.1497

Smith, Joseph T.; Forsythe, Eric W.; Allee, David R.; Christen, Jennifer Blain, "Adaptive digital x-ray detector for high sensitivity medical fluoroscopy imaging," in Biomedical Circuits and Systems Conference (BioCAS), 2015 IEEE , vol., no., pp.1-4, 22-24 Oct. 2015 doi: 10.1109/BioCAS.2015.7348436

Smith, J.T.; Katchman, B.A.; Kullman, D.E.; Obahiagbon, U.; Lee, Y.; O'Brien, B.P.; Raupp, G.B.; Anderson, K.S.; Blain Christen, J., "Application of Flexible OLED Display Technology to Point-of-Care Medical Diagnostic Testing," in Display Technology, Journal of , vol.PP, no.99, pp.1-1
doi: 10.1109/JDT.2015.2479457


Smith, J., S. Shah, M. Goryll, J. Stowell, and D. Allee. Flexible ISFET Biosensor Using IGZO. Metal Oxide TFTs and an ITO Sensing Layer. Sensors Journal, IEEE, Volume: 14, Issue: 4, April 2014.

Smith, J., A. Couture, and D. Allee. Charge Emission Induced Transient Leakage Currents of a-Si:H and IGZO TFTs on Flexible Plastic Substrates. Electronics Letters, Volume: 50, Issue: 2, January 16 2014.

Smith, J., B. O’Brien, YK. Lee, E. Bawolek, and J. Blain Christen, Application of Flexible OLED Display Technology for Electro-Optical Stimulation and/or Silencing of Neural Activity, Journal of Display Technology, IEEE, 2014.

Smith, J., A. Couture, J. Stowell, and D. Allee, Self-aligning Overlapping and Optically Seamless Flexible Electronic Tiles for Ultra-Large-Area Digital X-Ray Imaging, Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, IEEE, 2014.

Smith, J., Katchman, B., O’Brien, B, Lee, YK, Bawolek, E., Shah, S., and Blain Christen, J., Disposable Point-of-Use Optical Biosensor for Multiple Biomarker Detection. 2014 IEEE Biomedical Circuits and Systems Conference (BioCAS), Oct 2014.

O'Brien, B, YK Lee, M Marrs, J Smith, M Strnad, E Forsythe, and D Morton. 2013. 14.7" Active Matrix PHOLED Displays on Temporary Bonded PEN Substrates with Low Temperature IGZO TFTs. SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 70-2L:447.

Marrs, M, E Bawolek, B O'Brien, J Smith, M Strnad, and D Morton. Flexible Amorphous Silicon PIN Diode Sensor Array Process Compatible with Indium Gallium Zinc Oxide Transistors. SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 44: 455-457, 2013.

Marrs, M. E. Bawolek, J. Smith, G. Raupp, D. Morton, “Flexible amorphous silicon PIN diode x-ray detectors”. Proc. SPIE 8730, Flexible Electronics, 87300C (May 29, 2013).

Kunnen, G.; Smith, J.; Chung, H.; Allee, D., "TFT-based, multi-stage, active pixel sensor for alpha particle detection," Electronics Letters , vol.50, no.9, pp.705,706, April 24 2014.


R.Vemuri, W. Mathews, M. Marrs, and T. Alford, “Investigation of Defect Generation and Annihilation in IGZO TFTs During Practical Stress Conditions: Illumination and Electrical Bias”, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, vol. 46 p. 045101, 2013.

Smith, J, M Marrs, M Strnad, R Apte, J Bert, D Allee, N Colaneri, E Forsythe, and D Morton. 2013. Flexible Digital x-ray technology for far-forward remote diagnostic and conformal x-ray imaging applications. Proc. SPIE 8730, Flexible Electronics.


Vivek Sharma, Adam Bailey, Bill Dauksher, Clarence Tracy, and Stuart Bowden Solar Power Lab, Arizona State University, Barry O’Brien, Flexible Display Center, Arizona State University, “Characterization and comparison of silicon nitride films deposited using two novel processes”, Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films, vol. 30, issue 2, no. 021201, March/April 2012

J. Haq, B. Vogt, G. Raupp, D. Loy, “Finite Element Modeling of Temporary Bonding Systems for Flexible Microelectronics Fabrication”, Microelectronic Engineering, vol. 94, pp. 18-25, January 2012.

M. Marrs, G. Raupp, and B. Vogt, “Comparison of Wet and Dry Etching of Zinc Indium Oxide for Thin Film Transistors with an Inverted Gate Structure”, Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films, vol. 30, issue 1, no. 011505, January 2012.


Edward H. Lee, Anil Indluru, David R. Allee, Lawrence T. Clark, Keith E. Holbert, and Terry L. Alford, “Effects of Gamma Irradiation and Electrical Stress on a-Si:H Thin-Film Transistors for Flexible Electronics and Displays,” IEEE Journal of Display Technology, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 325 - 329, 2011

Indluru, A.; Venugopal, S. M.; Allee, D. R.; Alford, T. L., “Effect of the Anneal Time on the Enhanced Performance of a-Si:H TFTs for Future Display Technology,” IEEE Journal of Display Technology, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 306 - 310, 2011

Aritra Dey, Adrian Avendanno, Sameer Venugopal, David R. Allee, Manuel Quevedo, and Bruce Gnade, “CMOS TFT Op-Amps: Performance and Limitations,” IEEE Electron Device Letters, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 650-652, 2011

Bryan D. Vogt, Barry O’Brien, David R. Allee, Doug Loy, Bulent Akgun and Sushil K. Satija, “Distribution of hydrogen in low temperature passivated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) films from neutron reflectivity,” Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol.357, no. 3, pp. 1114-1117, 2011

Korhan Kaftanoglu, Sameer M. Venugopal, Michael Marrs, Aritra Dey, James R. Wilson, Edward Bawolek, David R. Allee, and Doug Loy, “Stability of IZO and a-Si:H TFTs Processed at Low Temperature (200C)” IEEE Journal of Display Technology, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 339-343, 2011

M. Marrs, C. Moyer, E. Bawolek, R. Cordova, J. Trujillo, G. Raupp, and B. Vogt, “Control of Threshold Voltage and Saturation Mobility Using Dual-Active-Layer Device Based on Amorphous Mixed Metal–Oxide–Semiconductor on Flexible Plastic Substrates”, IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, vol. 58, issue 10, pp. 3428-3434, October 2011.

J. Haq, B. Vogt, G. Raupp, D. Loy, “Impact of Adhesive Rheology on Stress-Distortion of Bonded Plastic Substrates for Flexible Electronics Applications”, Microelectronic Engineering, vol. 88, pp. 2852-2856, February 2011.

Ahmet Durgan, Constantine A. Balanis, Craig R. Birtcher, David R. Allee, “Design, Fabrication, Simulation, and Testing of Flexible Bow-Tie Antennas,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 59, no. 12, pp. 4425-4435, 2011

Aritra Dey, Sameer Venugopal, David R. Allee and Lawrence T. Clark, "Impact of Drain Bias Stress on Forward/Reverse Mode Operation of a-ZIO TFTs,” Solid State Electronics, vol. 62, pp. 19-24, 2011


Aritra Dey, Anil Indluru, Sameer M.Venugopal, David R. Allee and Terry L. Alford, ‘Effect of Electro-Mechanical Stress on a-ZIO TFTs,’IEEE Electron Device Letters, vol. 31, no. 12, pp. 1416-1418, December 2010

Nazanin Darbanian, Sameer Venugopal, Shrinivas Gopalan Uppili, David R. Allee, and Lawrence T. Clark, “Flexible Amorphous Silicon Non-Volatile Memory,” Journal of the Society of Information Displays, Vol. 18, No. 5, pp. 346-350, 2010

J. Haq, S. Ageno, G. Raupp, B. Vogt, and D. Loy, “Temporary Bond-Debond Process for Manufacture of Flexible Electronics: Impact of Adhesive and Carrier Properties on Performance”, Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 108, no.114917, December 2010.

J. Haq, B. Vogt, E. Howard, D. Loy, “Temporary Bond-Debond Technology for High-Performance Transistors on Flexible Substrates”, Journal of the Society for Information Display, Vol. 18, Issue 11, pages 884–891, November 2010.


S. Gowrisanker, M. A. Quevedo-Lopez, H. N. Alshareef, B. E. Gnade, S. Venugopal, R. Krishna, K. Kaftanoglu, and D. R. Allee, “A novel low temperature integration of hybrid CMOS devices on flexible substrates,” Organic Electronics, vol. 10, issue 7, pp. 1217-1222, Nov. 2009.

M. Moradi, A. Nathan, H. M. Haverinen, and G. E. Jabbour, “Vertical transistor with ultrathin silicon nitride gate dielectric,” Advanced Materials, vol. 21, issue 44, pp. 4505-4510, Nov. 2009.

K. Sivaramakrishnan, A. T. Ngo, S. Iyer, and T. L. Alford, Erratum: "Effect of thermal processing on silver thin films of varying thickness deposited on zinc oxide and indium tin oxide" [J. Appl. Phys. 105, 063525 (2009), Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 106, issue 8, 089901 (1 pp.), Oct. 2009.

K. Sivaramakrishnan, N. D. Theodore, J. F. Moulder, and T. L. Alford, “The role of copper in ZnO/Cu/ZnO thin films for flexible electronics,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 106, issue 6, 063510 (8 pp.), 15 Sept. 2009.

M. Singh, H. M. Haverinen, P. Dhagat, and G. E. Jabbour, “Progress Report, Inkjet printing - process and its applications,” Advanced Materials, Early View (articles online in advance of print), DOI 10.1002/adma.200901141, Aug. 2009.

P. Dhagat, H. M. Haverinen, R. J. Kline, Y. Jung, D. A. Fischer, D. M. DeLongchamp, and G. E. Jabbour, “Influence of dielectric surface chemistry on the microstructure and carrier mobility of an n-type organic semiconductor,” Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 19, issue 15, pp. 2365-72, Aug. 2009.


D. R. Allee, L. T. Clark, R. Shringarpure, S. M. Venugopal, N. Darbanian, Z. Li, E. Bawolek, K. Baugh, G. B. Raupp, E. Forsythe, and D. Morton, “Threshold voltage instability in a-Si:H TFTs and the implications for flexible displays and circuits,” Proc. 26th Army Science Conference, Orlando, FL, Dec. 2008. 


N. D. Hindman, W. Ziyan, L. T. Clark, and D. R. Allee, “Experimentally measured input referred voltage offsets and kickback noise in RHBD analog comparator arrays,” IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, vol. 54, issue 6, pp. 2073-9, Dec. 2007. 

L. A. Lucas, D. M. DeLongchamp, L. J. Richter, R. J. Kline, D. A. Fischer, B. R. Kaafarani, and G. E. Jabbour, “Thin film microstructure of solution processable pyrene-based small molecules for electronic applications,” Proc. International Semiconductor Device Research Symposium, College Park, MD, Dec. 12-14, 2007.